March 3 is the
day of “Momo no Sekku” or the Doll’s Festival. Wishes are expressed for the
future happiness of girls in this festival. A
set of dolls dressed in the ancient royal court costumes are displayed
together with a set of miniature trousseaus and peach blossoms as decoration.
A sweet drink called Shirozake, brewed from rice, is partaken of on this day.
From the Edo
period (about 17 century), a set of 15 dolls have come to be displayed
consisting of the Emperor and Empress, 3 lady servers of the court, 5
musicians, 2 attendants and 3 escorts. Recently,
however, more and more homes have come to simplified the displays by setting
out only the Emperor and Empress, smaller Kimekomi dolls or Kokeshi dolls
instead of traditional ones.
The Doll’s Festival is said to be
born from an ancient and traditional farming event combined
with a custom on March 3 called Chosan ｗｈｉｃｈ ｗａｓ
brought into Japanese royal court from China. The
Doll’s Festival is now one of the most delightful events for Japanese children
as well as “Tango no Sekku (the Boy’s Festival) “ of